academic pursuit学术追求

  to pacify使安静、平定

实习编辑:王雨欣 责任编辑:赵润琰

  to cluster(人)聚集

  factor因素

  Vocabulary: education: 词汇:教育

  cool酷

  to influence影响

  Girls outperform boys in school exams

  to reverse a trend逆转一种趋势

  academic pursuit学术追求

  gang mentality帮派心态

  He goes on to say that boys often cluster together in larger groups
than girls。 Because of this they are more likely to be influenced by
peer pressure and develop a gang mentality。 He says that GCSEs require
a lot of solo work and are not viewed as ‘cool’ in a laddish culture。

  solo单独的,独自地

  Glossary 词汇表

  So what are the causes of girls’ stronger performance? In the UK,
girls outperform boys in exams that are taken at the age of 15 or 16,
called GCSEs。 According to education expert Ian Toone, this is down to
the way girls and boys are brought up。 “Boys are encouraged to be more
active from an early age, whereas the restless movements of baby girls
are pacified… Hence, girls develop the skill of sitting still for
longer periods of time, which is useful for academic pursuits like
studying for GCSEs。“

  income level收入水平

  laddish幼稚的,孩子气的

  school curricula学校课程

  gender equality男女平等

  Around the world, girls do better than boys at school。 These are
the findings of a recent study that looked at the test results of 1.5
million 15-year-olds in 74 regions across the globe。

  to reflect反映

图片 1图片来源:BBC

  The level of gender equality in those regions made no difference to
the results。 Other factors, such as the income level of the region
also had little impact on the findings。 In only three regions –
Colombia, Costa Rica and the Indian state Himachal Pradesh – was the
trend reversed with boys doing better。

  文章来源:BBC

  peer pressure同龄人压力

  This is backed up by research in the UK that says girls are
out-performing boys at the age of five。 So what is the answer? Should
girls and boys be educated separately? Or do exams and school curricula
need to be changed to better reflect boys’ skills? These are the
questions facing educators in many countries。

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